Di dalam bahasa inggris terdapat kalimat aktif (active vioce) yang mana dalam kalimat aktif subject melakukan pekerjaan atau perbuatan. Kalimat aktif mempunyai ciri kata kerja me-. Misalnya: cooking, playing, breaking, dll.
Saya membeli baju. (kalimat aktif)
Lalu ada pula kalimat pasif (passive voice) yang mengambarkan subject tidak melakukan pekerjaan tetapi dikenai pekerjaan / perbuatan. Kalimat pasif mempunyai cirri kata kerja di-.
Misalnya : cooked, played, broken, dll.
Baju dibeli oleh saya. (kalimat pasif)
Contoh kalimat aktif dan pasif
- (Aktif) Mary was driving her car to the campus.
(Pasif) The car was being driven by Mary to the campus.
- (Aktif) Calvin sing a song with his guitar.
(Pasif) A song is sung by Calvin with his guitar.
- (Aktif) The doctor gave me a lot of medicine.
(Pasif) I was given by the doctor a lot of medicine.
- (Aktif) He breaks the chain.
(Pasif) The chain is broken by Him.
- (Aktif) Mom makes breakfast in the morning.
(Pasif) The breakfast is made by Mom in the morning.
- (Aktif) Harry spoke English very fluently.
(Pasif) English was spoken very fluently by Harry.
- (Aktif) He is reading the newspapers every morning.
(Pasif) The newspapers are being read by him every morning.
- (Aktif) They chose SBY to be the President.
(Pasif) SBY was chosen to be the President.
- (Aktif) Gloria gave me a gift as my birthday present.
(Pasif) I was given a gift by Gloria as my birthday present.
- (Aktif) I will write the answer of the Math questions.
(Pasif) The answer of the Math questions will be written by me.